SAARC region HR violations high according to US State Dept 2010 Report

The US Sate Department Country Reports on HR for 2010, very clearly shows all countries excluding Bhutan has serious issues of human rights violations, carried over to year 2011, from last year – 2010.

In Pakistan and Sri Lanka the reports say, security forces have been acting independently, without reporting to civilian authorities. In India the issue of custodial killings is continuing.

In Afghanistan, where US, its allies and NATO forces operate as International Security Assistance Force (ISAF), most civilian killings have been charged on them. The report has cleared the Karzhai government of any politically motivated killings.

In Bangladesh where extra judicial killings are high, the Rapid Action Battalion remained a matter of serious concern. So was it in Nepal, where impunity is a matter of fact.

Full country reports could be accessed by using the URL given under each country.


The government or its agents did not commit any politically motivated killings; however, there were reports that security forces committed arbitrary or unlawful killings……According to Amnesty International (AI), operations by security forces resulted in an increase in civilian deaths during the first half of the year (2010), as did operations by pro-government international forces.[They are all ISAF which includes US and allied troops]


Security forces committed extrajudicial killings and were responsible for custodial deaths, torture, and arbitrary arrest and detention. The failure to investigate fully extrajudicial killings by security forces, including several deaths in custody of alleged criminals detained by the Rapid Action Battalion (RAB), remained a matter of serious concern.


Principal human rights problems included the regulation of religion and discrimination against the Nepali-speaking minority.


Major human rights problems included reported extrajudicial killings of persons in custody, killings of protesters, and torture and rape by police and other security forces. Investigations into individual abuses and legal punishment for perpetrators occurred, but for many abuses, a lack of accountability due to weak law enforcement, a lack of trained police, and an overburdened court system created an atmosphere of impunity; lengthy court backlogs prolong the latter.


Human rights problems included allegations of arbitrary arrest, unauthorized recording of telephone conversations, harassment of journalists, restrictions on religious rights, unequal treatment of women, and violations of worker rights.


Members of the security forces committed human rights abuses. Members of the Nepal Police (NP) and Armed Police Force (APF) committed extrajudicial killings and tortured numerous persons. Security forces used arbitrary arrest and detention. Impunity for human rights violators continued.


Security forces did not report to civilian authorities and operated independently from the civilian government. The major human rights problems included extrajudicial killings, disappearances, and torture. Although the government initiated an investigation into an Internet video showing men in military uniforms apparently committing extrajudicial killings, a failure to credibly investigate allegations, impose disciplinary or accountability measures, and consistently prosecute those responsible for abuses contributed to a culture of impunity.

Sri Lanka

There were instances in which elements of the security forces acted independently of civilian control. The government and its agents continued to be responsible for serious human rights problems. Security forces committed arbitrary and unlawful killings, although the number of extrajudicial killings declined. Disappearances continued to be a problem, although the total also declined.


The regime continued to abridge the right of citizens to change their government and committed other severe human rights abuses. Government security forces were responsible for extrajudicial killings, custodial deaths, disappearances, rape, and torture. The government detained civic activists indefinitely and without charges.


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